Expanding the Color Universe: The Next Frontier in Imaging

3 June 2021

There is nothing more amazing than the view from space. Astronauts returning from missions lament that images captured fail to show the dramatic beauty and grandeur of what they actually could see from space. Unfortunately, there has not been a way to display those views—until now. Baylor University and 6P Color, Inc. are collaborating to capture, process and display better color images, including those from space, using novel multi-primary technologies. In conjunction with NASA and SMPTE, we will explore the next frontier in imaging.

Historically, motion imagery has improved over time—from analog TV transmission to digital transmission and from standard definition to Hi-Definition to Ultra Hi Definition (4k and 8k). Color representation has expanded from Rec 709 to P3 to ITU Rec 2020. However, state of the art display technologies are still bounded by a triangular region defined by red, green and blue primaries (RGB systems). While three colors are the minimum to define a color gamut, the shape of these color gamuts limit the possible colors that can be seen, reproduced, and displayed.

In this program, we will discuss the impact of adding additional primaries on the color gamut: reduction in metamerism and the ability to provide expanded colors outside the current color gamuts. We can display what has never been seen on earth before now: the colors in between the colors.

During the SMPTE+ event you will hear from technologists, creatives and NASA experts on the importance of color and research in the area of multi-primary color and expansion of the color gamut beyond RGB.

Thursday, June 3, 2021
9:00 AM - 11:15 AM
Session 1: Introduction, Background, and "Covering the Needs of the Creatives"
9:00 AM - 11:15 AM

9am: Welcome and Introductions from SMPTE, Baylor University, NASA, and our Title Sponsor, Blackmagic Design.

9:15am:  Background on color science with a focus on multi-primary technology.
Dr. David Long, RIT, will present a historical review of color science with a view of color representations of electronic imagery including multi-primary approaches.

9:45a.  Covering the needs of the Creatives
Our speakers will cover how color is important to the creative communities such as Cinema, Animation, Gaming, Visual Effects, Live TV, as well as in scientific endeavors, and the limitations of current color gamuts.

Use Case 1:  Cinema —Steven Poster  

Use Case 2:  Animation  

Use Case 3:  Gaming and Visual Effects — Aaron Thibault 

Use Case 4:  Live TV —Dave Evans, Fox Sports SW (Bally Sports) 

Use Case 5:  NASA and Scientific  —Dr. Caldwell Dyson (Astronaut), Rodney and Dylan 

Use Case 6:  Color in Post — Corrine and Jill B.  

11:15 AM - 11:25 AM
Speed Networking
11:15 AM - 11:25 AM

During this 15 minute break from the program you'll be randomly put into small groups to better get to know your fellow attendees.  We'll also switch up the groups halfway through to give you an opportunity to meet even more of your colleagues!  Afterwards, you'll be able to continue the conversation by contacting fellow attendees via private chat or by scheduling a meeting with them.

11:30 AM - 12:40 PM
Session 2: The Technology of Electronic Color
11:30 AM - 12:40 PM

What are the colorimetric challenges in displays, cameras, special effects?  Is there a fundamental limit to RGB based color spaces?  How can multiprimary approaches be developed to answer these challenges?

Use Case 1:  Displays.  — Gary Feather  

Use Case 2:  Cameras & Special Effects.  — Dave Stump, ASC. 

Use Case 3:  The Challenges of RGB Color Systems  — Richard Salmon, BBC ret’d 

Use Case 4:  Why Multi-primary color  — Dr. David Long 

Use Case 5:  Research efforts on MP systems   — Dr. Mitch Bogdanowicz  

  • Potential multi-primary systems 
  • Workflow in post 
  • Transmission 
  • Potential displays 
  • Colorimetric approach  
  • Problem of converting from 3 primary to multi-primary color spaces 
  • Evaluation for expanded color spaces {ACES AP1/AP0, XYZ, xyY} 
12:45 PM - 1:30 PM
Session 3.1: Roundtable Panel Discussion and Wrap Up
12:45 PM - 1:30 PM

Panel Discussion. Moderator: Debra Kaufman (Carolyn G.) 

Panelists: 

  • Steven Poster ASC,
  • Dylan Mathis NASA,
  • Gary Mandle Baylor
  • Mitch Bogdanowicz
  • Jim DeFilippis
  • Dave Stump
  • Aaron Thibault
  • Mike Zink
1:45 PM - 2:45 PM
Session 4.1: Color Science Roundtable Panel SMPTE Discussion - Check back for Speaker Information
1:45 PM - 2:45 PM

Join us for a panel discussion and wrap up to conclude the main program. 

 

Session 4.2 Color Science Roundtable Panel SMPTE Discussion Check back for Speaker Information
1:45 PM - 2:45 PM

Join us for a panel discussion and wrap up to conclude the main program. 

 

Session 4.3: Color Science Roundtable Panel SMPTE Discussion - Check back for Speaker Information
1:45 PM - 2:45 PM

Join us for a panel discussion and wrap up to conclude the main program. 

 

Session 4.4: Color Science Roundtable Panel SMPTE Discussion Check back for Speaker Information
1:45 PM - 2:45 PM

Join us for a panel discussion and wrap up to conclude the main program. 

 

Time Zone: (UTC-05:00) Central Time (US & Canada) [Change Time Zone]